What Is Cardiac Catheterization? Here’s All You Need To Know

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In a world where medical procedures are becoming less invasive, and doctors are trying their best to prioritize patient comfort, cardiac catheterization has been an exception since its inception. The process entails inserting a tube into a vein in the groin area and threading it up towards the heart, followed by inserting a second tube into the artery. X-rays are then taken to determine what is causing any possible heart problems, and various dye solutions are injected into the bloodstream to ascertain the functionality of the valves. Keeping all this in mind it has never been more critical for patients to consult with Tomball cardiac catheterization to determine whether this procedure is necessary.

Why Do You Need Cardiac Catheterization?

The primary purpose of cardiac catheterization is to determine what is causing any possible heart problems. Not all patients are advised to get this done. Still, if specific indicators suggest the need for it, then the patient must not hesitate before consulting a cardiac catheterization specialist. A few indicators may be chest pain when physical activity, a family history of cardiac problems, and vibrations.

In most cases, you may need it due to coronary angiography. A non-invasive technique generally used to diagnose possible heart problems. It also involves injecting dye directly into the coronary arteries to evaluate their functionality, as this shows any irregularity or abnormality that may be taking place.

Balloon angioplasty is another common reason why people go for cardiac catheterization. This entails the insertion of a balloon-tipped catheter into the artery, which is then used to clear out any blockage instances by expanding. Stenting may be performed in cases where the arteries are so clogged up that even this doesn’t help.

What to Expect During Cardiac Catheterization?

Installing a catheter is not an easy task, and it requires proper preparation and the right appliances to ensure that everything goes smoothly from start to finish. A cardiac catheterization nurse will first assess the patient’s medical history to evaluate whether allergies or sensitivities may arise during the process. 

Your doctor will swab the skin with alcohol to disinfect it and prevent any damage. Next, patients must wear a gown before the catheter is installed through their groin areas, which would involve some pain due to the needle. Once everything is done, a specialist would make sure that the catheter is positioned correctly before taking x-rays to determine any errors with positioning or procedures.

A cardiac nurse will also care for you after your cardiac catheterization. The catheter will be pulled out from your groin area, and the specialist will carefully analyze all the x-ray images. And once you’re done, a cardiac nurse will explain to you how your diagnosis goes and what the next course of action would be.

In summary, cardiac catheterization is necessary for everyone exhibiting possible symptoms of heart trouble. You may need it for balloon angioplasty or coronary angiography. A specialist will analyze your medical history to determine if you are a candidate. They also take care of you after the procedure.