Rubie Pfannerstill


Conquering Periodontal Disease for Oral Health Revival 

Gum disease is the most prevalent dental problem affecting people of all age groups globally. Periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gum disease that is preceded by gingivitis (early-stage disease). Periodontitis leads to loss of attachment and eventual tooth loss. 

Our dentist in Summit, IL, offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment of periodontal disease to improve your oral form, function, and aesthetics. 

Understanding periodontal disease 

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a common condition affecting the supporting structures surrounding your teeth, which is the periodontium. This comprises the gums, PDL (periodontal ligament), cementum, and the alveolar bone. Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss. 

What factors are responsible for periodontal disease?

The buildup of excess plaque is the prime factor for periodontal disease. Plaque is a thin, sticky film that adheres to the tooth surface, which, when not removed properly, can lead to increased bacterial colonization. These microorganisms release harmful toxins that damage the soft tissues and impair your immune system to fight infections.

Certain risk factors can increase your chances of developing periodontal disease, such as:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Hormonal imbalance as seen during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause
  • Unhealthy lifestyle habits like tobacco use, and smoking
  • Stress
  • Obesity (being overweight)
  • Certain autoimmune diseases like lupus
  • Diabetes 
  • Heart or respiratory disease

What are the most classic symptoms of periodontal disease?

The most striking features of periodontal disease are as follows:

  • Reddish purple gums
  • Swollen and tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily while brushing or flossing
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Unpleasant or metallic taste
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

What are the treatment options for periodontal disease?

Treatment for periodontal disease depends on the severity of the condition. 

Treatment options include:

  • Scaling and root planing
    • Professional dental cleaning once every 6 months can prevent plaque formation.
    • It also helps to detect early signs of gum disease and halt the disease progression.
  • Medications 
    • These include oral antibiotics for severe infection or antimicrobial mouth rinse.
  • Tissue regeneration
    • This treatment encourages the growth of gum tissues through grafting.
    • A biocompatible layer or membrane is inserted into the affected area to promote regeneration of the tissues.
  • Pocket elimination surgery
    • This is a flap surgery that reduces the size of the gingival pocket between the gums and the teeth.
  • Dental implants 
    • Loss of teeth due to periodontal disease can be effectively replaced using dental implants.
    • These act as an anchorage for crown placement. 

Periodontal disease is common and reversible in the early stages. Seek timely dental help to prevent further deterioration of your oral health.

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Understanding Common Sports Injuries And How A Physiotherapist In Christchurch Can Help Diagnose, Treat, And Prevent Them

Today’s blog is for all the sports lover’s out there! We know how much you love your rugby, cricket, netball, and all the exciting activities that keep you moving. But let’s face it, with great sports comes the occasional bump, bruise, or even something more serious, but let’s try to keep today’s discussion a little more light-hearted. We’re here today to uncover and discuss common sports injuries in Christchurch and how a sports physiotherapist can be your ultimate teammate in diagnosing, treating, and preventing them.

Here at Fixed Physio, we help recreational and professional athletes treat and recover from sports injuries in Christchurch. Visit our website to schedule an appointment!

The Ankle Twist 

Ah, the classic ankle twist – a move every athlete unwittingly performs at least once in their career. Whether you’re pivoting on the rugby field or sprinting on the cricket pitch, ankle sprains are incredibly common in sports, and can range from minor twinges to more severe ligament damage. The good news? With the right guidance from a Christchurch physiotherapist, you can bounce back quicker than ever.

Hamstring High Jinks

If you’ve experienced a pulled hamstring before, you’ll know it’s quite a painful topic to discuss, no pun intended. But if you’ve yet to have your hamstring fail you, imagine your hamstring as a rubber band and suddenly having it snap, typically at the most inconvenient of times, like when you’re just about to score a try. Hamstring injuries are notorious for sneaking up when you least expect them. However, our experienced physiotherapists in Christchurch have seen it all and can tailor a recovery plan that gets you back in action, stronger and more flexible than before.

Shoulder Showdowns

Swimming, tennis, and even simple weightlifting can lead to shoulder injuries. Rotator cuff tears, impingement, and dislocations can be a real pain in the…well, the shoulder. But, it doesn’t have to hurt forever! Our Christchurch physio team has a variety of techniques, from targeted exercises to hands-on treatments, to get you serving aces or perfecting your breaststroke once again.

Head Bumps And Bruises

In contact sports like rugby, concussions are a real concern. Your brain is a precious asset, and we take its safety seriously. Our Christchurch physiotherapists can assess, monitor, and guide you through the recovery process following a head injury. Safety first, sports second – that’s our motto!

Runner’s Knee Rundown

Runners, we haven’t forgotten you! Patellofemoral pain syndrome, commonly known as “runner’s knee,” can be a nagging issue. It’s the kind of injury that can turn your favourite pastime into a painful ordeal. But, you don’t have to give up the thrill of the open road beneath your feet! We’re here to help you pinpoint the cause and develop a plan to get you back pounding the pavement.

Treatment Tailored to You

From diagnosis to treatment, we ensure the best possible care and outcome for our patients. Here’s where our Christchurch physiotherapists shine. We don’t believe in one-size-fits-all solutions. Your treatment plan will be as unique as you are. We’ll combine hands-on techniques, exercises, and lifestyle adjustments to help you regain strength, flexibility, and confidence, so you can get back to doing what you love: sports.

Prevention Is The Best Medicine

Of course, the best way to deal with sports injuries in Christchurch is to avoid them in the first place. Our friendly physiotherapists can help you create a personalised injury prevention plan. Whether it’s warming up properly, fine-tuning your technique, or understanding your body’s limits, we’ve got you covered. With our expert guidance, you can excel in your sporting endeavours while staying out of harm’s way.

[CTA] Sports injuries in Christchurch are part of the game, but they don’t have to keep you on the sidelines forever. With the guidance and support of our dedicated physiotherapists, you can recover, strengthen, and even excel in your chosen sport. So, don’t let an injury hold you back. Contact us today, and let’s get you back in the game!

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Some Cosmetic Dentistry Services to Consider in Burlingame

If you have a wedding day nearby or are going for an interview, chances are that you will want to look your best. So before you prepare for such a big event, it’s important that you get any discoloration, chipping, cracks, or misaligned teeth fixed. You can get in touch with a dentist at a general dentistry in Burlingame, CA, to understand which dental services are best for you. Here are some general cosmetic dentistry services you can consider:

Professional teeth whitening:

One of the most sought-after cosmetic dental services in Burlingame is professional teeth whitening. Let us walk you through why that is. With professional teeth whitening, you may make your smile up to eight shades whiter by removing stains from coffee, tea, alcohol, or smoking. You can choose between getting in-office whitening for instant results or using personalized trays at home for gradual results. Moreover, on top of that, you have the option to choose a lighter color for your restorations, as porcelain veneers and crowns cannot be whitened after placement.

Porcelain veneers:

Porcelain veneers are little ceramic casings that beautify smiles by masking a variety of aesthetic problems. They are used to fix problems including chipping, slight misalignments, discoloration, and irregularly shaped teeth. Your teeth are prepped, impressions are taken, and temporary veneers are applied throughout the operation. Customized porcelain veneers are the best option for those looking for beautiful results for one or more teeth two weeks later.

Dental crowns:

While porcelain crowns restore and shield damaged teeth, porcelain veneers cover flaws. Large cavities, fractured teeth, major fractures, and teeth that have had root canal therapy all need crowns. Two visits, generally separated by two weeks, are required for crown surgery.

Dental implants:

Dental implants, which restore both the root and crown, are the most healthy and comprehensive way to replace lost teeth. Implant posts are implanted and integrated into the jawbone following a jawbone assessment. After the replacement has been entirely merged, impressions are made for the making of the crown. Depending on dental health, the titanium implant procedure might take two to six months or longer.

Final thoughts:

If you are still not sure which cosmetic dental services you should go for, you can get in touch with a Burlingame dentist to get a better understanding of what’s best for your specific case. Book a consultation today and take a proactive step towards good dental health. 

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Understanding Dental Bonding 

Dental bonding is a cosmetic operation that uses a tooth-colored composite resin material to improve your smile. This treatment is used to fill gaps, repair chips, or alter the form and teeth color. Dental bonding, contrary to other cosmetic dental procedures such as porcelain veneers, is reversible. For more information, contact a Mayfair, Northeast Philadelphia dentist today. 

What is dental bonding? 

Dental bonding, also known as teeth bonding or composite bonding, is a cosmetic dentistry technique used to improve the appearance of your teeth. Your dentist will apply the tooth-colored resin substance to the impacted teeth during the operation to modify their form, size, or color.

Why is dental bonding recommended? 

Dental bonding is used to improve the appearance of your smile. The technique uses tooth-colored composite resin to:

  • Cover up any cracks or chips in your teeth.
  • Discoloration of the teeth can be concealed.
  • Fill up any gaps or holes between your teeth.
  • Increase the length of your teeth.
  • Make your teeth a different shape.

Restorative dentistry uses the same composite resin substance used in dental bonding to:

  • Fill in the cavities.
  • Replace outdated silver dental fillings with a more aesthetically pleasing replacement.
  • Protect exposed tooth roots caused by gum recession.

Is dental bonding common? 

Cosmetic dental bonding is a relatively popular procedure. It is, in fact, one of the most often-done treatments in dentistry today.

Dental bonding vs. veneers 

Porcelain veneers are custom-made ceramic shells that attach to your teeth’ front surfaces. To put them, your dentist usually needs to remove some enamel from your natural teeth. Porcelain veneers are not reversible after they have been applied. They will need to be replaced every 10 to 20 years.

Dental bonding, however, may not necessitate extensive enamel removal. Bonding is, therefore, totally reversible. Touchups will most likely be required every three to ten years.

You may hear dentists refer to “composite veneers.” This is when your dentist covers the whole surface of your tooth with composite resin material.

What happens before teeth bonding? 

Your dentist will discuss your aesthetic goals with you before dental bonding. They will also take dental X-rays and check your teeth and gums to ensure you are a good candidate for the surgery. If you have significant tooth decay, gum disease, or other major oral health issues, you should address those first.

Proper oral care is vital after dental bonding to keep your smile healthy and shiny. Brush your teeth at least twice daily using a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, and floss once daily. You should also see your dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups. 

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5 reasons why you should pick up a vegan protein bar today

The vegetarian and vegan community is expanding. There’s no reason to be surprised by the growing popularity of vegan and vegetarian diets in the health and entertainment industries.

Not only have vegans seen an increase in their consumption of vegan protein bars over the past few years, but the trend has caught on among non-vegans as well. Although it’s a common misconception that only vegans can eat vegetarian protein bars, an increasing number of non-vegans are deciding to incorporate these items into their diets. But do their benefits to buyers hold water?

Plant-Based Protein Bars

We are all aware that protein is a vital part of a healthy diet. The production of hormones, as well as maintaining a healthy metabolism, require protein. If you’re trying to get more protein into your diet but don’t want to eat meat or other animal products, vegan protein bars are a great option.

Vegan protein bars have many advantages

Vegan protein bars are delicious and satisfying even if you eat meat and other animal products. Despite being made entirely of plant-based ingredients, you may find that you enjoy these protein bars even more than your current favourite.

The vegan protein bars aid in weight loss because

Protein helps us feel fuller for longer periods of time than other types of food do because it takes longer to digest than other types of nutrients like fat or carbohydrates. Vegan protein bars provide sustained energy levels throughout the day instead of just at breakfast, like foods like bagels or cereal with milk would, which can help prevent overeating later in the day when dieting. Overeating can be avoided later in the day, which this will do (both of which are high in fat).

Having a vegan protein bar in your diet can help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level

Third, the skin benefits greatly from plant-based protein bars. Because it aids in muscle development, protein is an essential part of our diet. Protein is crucial for the health and repair of skin cells (including those found in our skin cells). However, the quality of the protein you eat matters. In contrast to animal sources like meat and dairy products, which are typically high in saturated fat, plant-based sources tend to be lower in fat but higher in fibre. An inflammatory response may result from consuming too much saturated fat.

The digestive system can benefit from eating vegan protein bars

Maintaining a healthy colon is directly related to maintaining a healthy gut, and the best way to do both is to eat foods that are low in sugar and high in fibre. Vegan protein bars are rich in these two nutrients because they use whole grains and other plant-based ingredients and because they contain little sugar because they don’t contain any animal products. For these two reasons, improving one’s digestive health by eating vegan protein bars is a good idea for anyone.

Enjoy the taste of vegan protein bars

Our vegan protein bars are delicious, but we can’t speak to the flavour of other brands. Anyone looking to maximise their workouts or who just wants a tasty snack in between meals will find that Real Food Bars are a great option.

There are many advantages to your health when you eat vegan protein bars. If you’re trying to maintain a healthy weight and feel full after eating, a Vegan Protein Bar is a great choice because it provides both protein and fibre.

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Restorative Dental Care Options for Missing Teeth 

You might not think a lot about your missing tooth or teeth, but that can become the reason behind several other issues. A missing tooth can happen due to various reasons, like an accident, tooth decay, gum disease, or some other genetic condition. However, regardless of the underlying reason, there are different treatments available to improve the overall appearance and functioning of your mouth. 

If you have a missing tooth, it is important to get it treated and replaced with an artificial tooth as soon as possible. A missing tooth can ruin the alignment of your teeth and cause other problems down the road. It can also affect your speech, ability to chew, and integrity of the jawbone. Consult with Dedham dental restorations today. 

Restorative dental care options for missing teeth 

  • Dental implants. 

Dental implants are a popular dental procedure that can be used to replace one or more missing teeth in several areas of your mouth. The process involves mounting a titanium metal post or frame in your upper and lower jaw, and then an artificial but natural-looking tooth is mounted to the implant. The titanium metal post allows the tooth to remain fixed in its place and not move while chewing or speaking. 

  • Implant-supported bridge. 

An implant-supported bridge is an ideal dental restorative option for people who have an entire row of missing teeth. This option is better than dental implants because replacing each tooth can be costly as well as time-consuming. The procedure of implant-supported bridges is similar to that of dental implants but not exactly the same. 

Here, only the two teeth at the two ends are fixed and mounted with a titanium screw, whereas the other teeth in between are not. The other teeth are held in place without the need to screw them into your jawbone. 

  • Removable partial denture. 

You may already know what dentures are. These are a set of man-made, natural-looking teeth which people with multiple teeth missing can wear. Dentures can be both removable, non-removable, partial, or in a complete set. Removable partial dentures can work when you have a small section of missing teeth and wish to remove the dentures whenever you want. This is the least expensive tooth replacement dental procedure. 

  • Flipper. 

A flipper is a temporary and removable denture that you can fix in your mouth when you need to and remove at other times. It does not require any type of metal clasp, adhesive, or surrounding teeth to remain fixed. 

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How to Choose the Right Dentist for Getting Dentures?

We are all aware of the fact that it is important to be careful when making an appointment with a dentist. There are many different types of dentists and they each have their own unique styles. The last thing any of you want is to end up with dental work that wasn’t done properly. 

When considering getting dentures, you need to find a denturist in BC who has a good track record in denture restorations. The denturist you choose should have experience in performing the required procedures and have a sound theoretical foundation for dentures. 

The following post provides you few tips for finding the right denturist.

  • Ask for referrals from family and friends

You can learn a lot about a dentist by asking for referrals from your family and friends. Ask them for the names of dentists that have provided them with excellent service. Also, you can ask them how they feel about the dental work and if they would go to that particular dentist again. And when you receive feedback from people you trust, it helps you to make an informed decision. However, you should also take note of the dentist’s location and office hours as well as the level of courtesy shown at their office.

  • Search online

You can search for denturists online. The Internet is a great place to research denturists. Many websites provide detailed profiles of denturists. You can also use keywords like “best denturists near me” to narrow down the results and find the best one.

  • Check client testimonials and online reviews

It is essential to check testimonials and reviews online for the denturist you are interested in. Reading testimonials and reviews can give you an idea about the quality of work, professionalism, and treatment methodologies of a denturist.

  • Consider location and accessibility

Check the proximity of the office to where you live or work. Make sure that the denturist’s office is within a reasonable distance. Check if they have weekend or evening hours as well. Also, check if they will be able to accommodate your special needs if you have any.

  • Compare cost of services

It is also important to check the cost of services at various denturists. Compare the price and find out which one is affordable. You should also ensure that you have enough funds to afford the denturist’s services.

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What are the Most Effective Face Lifting Treatments in Singapore?

As we age, many of us look for ways to reduce the signs of aging and maintain a youthful appearance. Unfortunately, traditional methods such as surgery can be expensive and invasive, leading many to seek out non-surgical options for face lifting treatments. Non-surgical face lifting treatments are becoming increasingly popular as a safe, cost-effective way to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, lines, and other signs of aging. In this blog post, we will explore the benefits of non-surgical face lifting treatments and discuss some of the most popular options available. We will also look at how these treatments work, so you can make an informed decision about which treatment is best for you.

What Causes Sagging Skin?

One of the most common causes of sagging skin is the natural aging process. As we age, our skin loses its elasticity, leading to wrinkles and sagging. In addition to aging, exposure to the sun and environmental pollutants can also contribute to sagging skin. Over time, these factors can damage the collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, leading to a decrease in skin’s natural ability to remain toned and firm. Fortunately, there are a variety of non-surgical face lifting treatments available to help restore the skin’s elasticity, firmness, and tone.

Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are a non-surgical face-lifting treatment that involves the injection of a fluid containing hyaluronic acid into the patient’s skin. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance that helps to maintain skin hydration and volume. Dermal fillers can be used to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and saggy skin, as well as to add fullness to the cheeks, lips, and other areas of the face. The results are immediate and long-lasting, although the effects may vary from person to person.

BTX injections

Another popular non-surgical face lifting treatment are BTX injections. BTX is a neurotoxin that is injected into the facial muscles to relax them, resulting in a smoother appearance and a reduction in wrinkles. BTX injections are a proven method to reduce wrinkles, although the effects are temporary and will require regular maintenance. The injection itself is minimally invasive and the entire process can be completed within a few minutes. As with all non-surgical treatments, individuals should consult with a professional before undergoing Botox injections to ensure it is the best treatment for them.


Ultherapy is a non-surgical face lifting treatment that utilizes ultrasound technology to stimulate collagen production. It uses focused ultrasound energy to target the inner layers of the skin, encouraging the body to produce new collagen and elastin, leading to firmer and more youthful skin. Results typically last for up to two years, and the procedure can be done in a single session, with minimal downtime.

Thread Lift

Thread lift is one of the non-surgical face lifting treatments that is gaining popularity due to its minimal recovery time and short procedure time. Thread lift is an innovative procedure that uses small sutures to stimulate collagen production and lift the facial tissue. This procedure is typically done in under an hour, and patients can expect to see results within a few weeks. Thread lift is well-suited for people looking for a non-invasive way to address sagging skin, wrinkles, and jowls.

All in all, non-surgical face lifting treatments provide an effective and safe way to reduce signs of aging and restore a youthful look. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before deciding to undergo any procedure and to be aware of the risks and potential side effects. With the right treatment plan, you can achieve beautiful, natural-looking results that will help you look and feel your best.

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What to Look for in a Family Dentist?

You can’t always afford to see a dentist every time you need one, so if you are in search of a family dentist, it is important to find someone with the right qualifications. The family dentistry in Shelby Township you choose should not only deal with your teeth but also the whole family. If you want the best possible care for your teeth and mouth, it is necessary to find a specialist who has experience running a regular office and not just treating toothache patients.

The main goal of this article is to provide you with tips that allow you to find a great family dentist in Shelby Township.

  • Proper specialization

The best way to find the perfect family dentist in Shelby Township is to ask your friends, relatives, and co-workers. They have undoubtedly used a dental clinic before and have probably received great service. Choosing a specialist is not always as easy as it sounds, so it is important for you to follow some simple rules. The best way for you to find the right specialist is by asking around. Learn about their experiences with local dentists and their professional approach toward problem resolution.

  • The right setup for your family

The dentist you choose should be able to provide all members of your family with treatment and care for their teeth. Family dentistry offers a range of services for every member of the family. It is also important that the dentist is in a convenient location so it is easy for you to get there as needed. If you follow these tips, it will be easier for you to find the best family dentist in Shelby Township.

  • A reputation you can trust

You should also look for a dentist with a good reputation. If your friends, relatives, and co-workers have already been to this clinic, you can expect great service. Before deciding on the family dentist in Shelby Township you choose, you better understand whether they hold a good reputation.

  • Somewhere you are comfortable

Your dentist should also be able to provide you with proper care and service without making you nervous or uncomfortable. The dentist’s office should be pleasant, and the office should appear clean. 

  • Ease of scheduling

You need to find a family dentist in Shelby Township who makes it easy for you to schedule appointments. In fact, you don’t want to make an effort to see your dentist, so make sure that they fit your busy schedule.

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Root canal treatment – Benefits

In comparison to having your natural tooth removed, getting a root canal often causes you to feel less anxious during the healing process. Modern methods and effective anesthetics make root canal clients far more likely than teeth extraction patients to describe their experience as painless!

The infected or inflammatory pulp is extracted during a root canal, then the interior of the tooth is carefully cleaned and sanitized. The space left behind is then filled with gutta-percha and fixed. A filling is placed on the teeth afterward to safeguard them and ensure that it continues to operate as other teeth do. One can consult Manhattan, NY dentist to get it done.

The Benefits of Root Canal Treatment

An astounding 95% of root canal treatments are successful, and as a result, there are several advantages to receiving this type of therapy. The great news would be that root canal therapy is among the finest methods to preserve a tooth that’s also showing indications of requiring one and let it endure for a lifetime when such signals first appear. A few more advantages of the therapy are listed below:

  • Illness is stopped in its tracks because if a tooth gets contaminated and it’s not treated correctly, the infection might spread to certain other teeth as well. Infection risk in neighboring teeth is reduced by root canal therapy because it treats the infection at its source.
  • Saves teeth rather than replacing them – Unlike some alternative treatments for treating dental infections, which require entirely removing teeth, a root canal tries to maintain your natural tooth in situ for the long term.
  • Aesthetically acceptable results – The outcomes of other endodontic procedures might not be as satisfying to the eye as those of a root canal procedure. There is no reason to be concerned about aesthetics or look following a root canal since it preserves your natural teeth.


For people wishing to maintain a healthy smile, root canal treatment is useful. It gives off a natural appearance, and it may even aid to safeguard your teeth and avoid the requirement for more complicated treatments. Therefore, while treating dental cavities or infections, root canal therapy must be taken into account as a possibility. To find out if root canal therapy is the right course of action for you, you should speak with your dentist.

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