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Diabetic Neuropathy: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Diabetes is a disease where the body can’t produce enough insulin or use insulin well. Insulin helps break down glucose (sugar) into cells to provide energy. Without enough insulin, sugar builds up in the blood and causes damage to many parts of the body, including nerves that send messages from your brain to other parts of your body. This nerve damage is called neuropathy, and it occurs on both sides of the body because nerves on both sides are affected by diabetes. It’s essential to see a Baltimore, Maryland doctor for diagnosis and treatment. With the correct remedy, you can manage your symptoms. Target the finest center for diabetic neuropathy in Baltimore.

What is Diabetic Neuropathy?

Diabetic neuropathy is a severe complication that can arise due to diabetes. This condition is caused by damage to the sensory nerves, leading to various symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms include numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet. 

What are the Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy?

Several factors can contribute to the development of diabetic neuropathy. One of the most common causes is damage to the sensory nerves due to high blood sugar levels. Other potential causes include:

  • nerve compression caused by swelling or tumors
  • infection
  • vitamin B12 or copper deficiency
  • autoimmune disorders

Types of Diabetic Neuropathy?

There are three main types of diabetic neuropathy: peripheral, autonomic, and focal neuropathy.

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common type in the hands, feet, arms, and legs. It can lead to several symptoms, including pain or burning sensations in the hands or feet, tingling or numbness in the extremities, and weakness in the muscles.

Autonomic neuropathy affects the autonomic nerves, which control involuntary heart rate and digestion. Symptoms can include blood pressure regulation, digestion, and sexual function problems.

Focal neuropathy is the least common type and occurs in a specific area of the body, often the face or tongue. It can cause drooping eyelids, difficulty swallowing, and slurred speech.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy?

The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can vary depending on the type of neuropathy present. The most common symptom is numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, which can progress to pain. Other symptoms may include:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Heaviness in the legs and feet
  • Increased sensitivity to touch or pressure
  • Burning, shooting, and stabbing pain made worse by stress

How is Diabetic Neuropathy Treated?

The good news is that diabetic neuropathy can be treated with various methods. One effective treatment method includes taking medications to help improve blood sugar control. Other treatments may include:

  • Topical medications or creams that are applied to the skin
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Dietary changes
  • Supplements, such as alpha-lipoic acid or B-complex vitamins
  • Acupuncture

Prevention of Diabetic Neuropathy

You can do several things to help prevent the development of diabetic neuropathy. Some of the most important steps include:

  • Maintaining blood sugar level
  • Following a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Keeping your blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control
  • Taking medications as prescribed

Diabetic neuropathy is a severe complication that can arise due to diabetes. This condition is caused by damage to the sensory nerves, leading to various symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms include numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet. Fortunately, diabetic neuropathy can be treated with a variety of methods.

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