Rubie Pfannerstill


Weight-Loss Solutions with Dr. Titus Duncan

Excessive weight is a common problem affecting most people in today’s society. Developing an exercise program and change in diet are the most advisable treatment options. Exercise and diet alone are not effective treatments for overweight people. They may require a surgical operation.

 Dr. Titus Duncan in Atlanta, Georgia, is among the top bariatric surgeons found here, offering the best weight-loss surgery options.

Bariatrics with Dr. Titus Duncan

Dr. Titus Duncan is a renowned bariatric surgeon found at Peachtree Surgical & Bariatrics in Atlanta, Georgia. His experience teaching and lecturing about bariatric surgery worldwide makes him one of the best weight-loss surgeons in America. He is well respected among his peers at the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery due to his pioneering work and experience in laparoscopic surgery.

What happens at Peachtree Surgical & Bariatrics

Peachtree Surgical & Bariatrics are trailblazers in laparoscopic bariatric surgery with procedures that include:

  • Revision surgery
  • Gastric sleeve
  • Mini gastric bypass
  • Lap-band surgery

Dr. Duncan and his team have the latest modern pre-and post-op diagnostic testing and rehabilitation facilities. Services include swallowing disorders such as Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy(POEM) and an outpatient reflux surgery for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease(GERD).

The physicians work in close conjunction with patients during diagnosis to develop specific methods for treatment by their particular needs. The team consists of exceptionally trained physicians and bariatric surgeons supported by coordinators, nutritionists, nurses, and assistants.

Experienced physicians like Dr. Titus Duncan assist in educating and training surgeons through their bariatric surgery program.

The Peachtree Surgical and Bariatrics team offers convenient mobile services for long-distance patients.

Non-surgical methods for weight loss, such as Endoscopic Sleeve Gastroplasty, are also available. Bioidentical Hormone Therapy is also another medical weight loss program, especially for those who do not qualify for bariatric surgery.

What is bariatric surgery?

 The digestive tract is adjusted through bariatric surgery, thus allowing less food consumption. The surgery, therefore, assists in weight loss. Bariatric surgery resolves conditions related to being overweight like:

  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Joint pain
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Surgery with improved eating habits and lifestyle changes helps reduce death rates for severely obese patients.

When is bariatric surgery advisable?

A measure of height about weight is known as Body Mass Index (BMI)and defines levels of obesity which determines whether bariatric surgery is required.

You could suggest bariatric surgery when :

  • BMI is 40 or more (extreme obesity)
  • You have a BMI of 35-39, and you have weight-related severe problems like sleep apnea, high blood pressure, or type 2 diabetes.

 Patients after bariatric surgery have to undergo a strict and lifelong diet and exercise program to avoid complications and not add weight after surgery.

Have you ever felt like you keep adding weight and your lifestyle changes or exercise programs are not quite working? Check out our website or call our offices in Atlanta. You could visit our Atlanta offices for further one-on-one services for more information.

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What is Plantar Fasciitis; Diagnosis, Treatments?

How do you keep your feet healthy? The feet usually do a lot of work, walking and every movement, hence the need to take care of them regularly. Washing them frequently with soap and water is essential, not to mention keeping them dry and moisturized.

Routine foot care is critical in maintaining your health and preventing foot issues. Midtown East plantar fasciitis specialist John Jurcisin of Precision Footcare provides comprehensive care to enhance healthy feet. Suppose you have a problem with your feet that limits your daily activities; contact Precision Footcare for an appointment.

What is plantar fasciitis?

The plantar fascia is the wide strip of tissue on the bottom of your foot. Plantar fasciitis is a health issue that occurs due to the inflammation and damage of the plantar fascia tissue.

The tissue protects your foot arch by functioning as a shock absorber. When the tissue is under too much pressure, it causes inflammation, tears, and pain in the heel part of your leg. The pain becomes worse when you stand or after an exercise.

However, the pain may worsen over some time, disrupting your physical activity and even making walking difficult.

Plantar fasciitis can occur in anyone; however, it’s more familiar with athletes or runners, to be specific. You are also likely to develop the condition if you have excessive weight or are older. People who work with extended standing, including teachers, factory workers, or nurses, are also prone to the disease.

How does your provider diagnose plantar fasciitis?

Dr. Jurcisin is a foot care expert and offers detailed diagnoses to get to the root of your problem and provide customized treatment.

He examines your feet and asks about your symptoms, which helps him determine the location of the pain. Dr. Jurcisin also orders imaging tests such as X-rays to evaluate more causes of foot pain, including bone spurs and fractures.

In addition, he checks your past medical reports and asks about your daily life activities to rule out plantar fasciitis as the cause of your pain. Together with the team at Precision Footcare, they conducted a further diagnosis to determine why your plantar fascia wore down. They also work with you to prevent future harm.

What are the treatments for plantar fasciitis?

Treatments for plantar fasciitis range from stretching exercises to over-the-counter medications, rest, and more.

If Dr. Jurcisin also recommends further treatments such as using devices like custom shoe inserts, night splints, padding, or walking cast to minimize feet stress. He may also offer steroid injections and physical therapy for pain relief.

If the pain persists even with the above treatments, Dr. Jurcisin may recommend surgery. The surgical procedure alleviates your pain, improves healing, and enhances mobility.

Proper foot care is essential to prevent foot conditions and improve their health. Wearing fitting and comfortable shoes is also helpful to your feet health. Suppose you have heel pain that makes your walking difficult; you may be suffering from plantar fasciitis. Reach out to Precision Footcare today to schedule your consultation.

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What are the common symptoms of vitamin b12 deficiency?

If left untreated, deficiency of vitaminb12 or other nutrients may become worse over time and develop irreversible health issues. You must have heard this maximum “Prevention is better than cure.” Therefore, it would be best to monitor body condition regularly or remain in touch with your professional healthcare. 

What is vitamin b12 and its deficiency?

Vitamin b12 is an inevitable water-soluble vitamin and an essential member of the B-Complex category. It holds cobalt minerals present in the center of its structure, therefore, known as Cobalamin. The human body used its methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin forms to perform significant tasks. 

Vitamin b12 exists naturally in animal products such as; fish, meat, milk, eggs, etc., and is synthetically synthesized to grow bacteria in the laboratory. 

While your body contains an inadequate level of vitamin b12 than the requirement, your body is known as vitamin b12 deficient. Its deficiency is rare in young adults, but older people, pregnant women, and vegetarians are more likely to experience its shortage. 

What are the symptoms of vitamin b12 deficiency?

Pernicious anemia is a common cause of its dearth, a condition in which your immune system’s influence on the gastrointestinal tract reduces its ability to absorb vitamin b12 efficiently. This may happen in people who consume alcohol, smoking, and certain medications. Crohn’s disease (difficulty in producing intrinsic protein) is also a significant contributor to its deficiency. 

However, let’s move together and unveil the symptoms of vitamin b12 deficiency. 

Cognitive impairment and memory loss

Vitamin b12 is needed to make myelin sheath around nerve cells that boost their efficacy and help in forming new nerve cells. During its deficiency, the formation of nerve cells is reduced, resulting victim’s learning, thinking, and intellectual capability being affected badly. If left untreated, individuals may lose memory, and receive cognitive diseases may prolong. 

Tingling in the hands and feet

The affected people may feel “pins and needles” in particular areas like the hand, legs, and feet. During tingling, impulse generation and conduction are reduced due to damaging peripheral nerves; therefore, one’s may experience disturbance in hands and feet. 

Vision loss

Macular Degeneration is referred to as a gradual decline in vision with aging. Vitamin b12 helps to lower the chances of macular degeneration disorders in older people, particularly overage women. Its deficiency prompts vision loss in older people. 

Gastrointestinal issues

Deficient people may experience nausea, diarrhea, bloating, constipation, and other digestive problems. These symptoms are also responsible for loss of appetite and weight.

These symptoms can also develop due to many other reasons, including contaminated food, consumption of alcohol, etc.

A swollen and inflamed mouth

If you’re deficient in vitamin b12, your mouth will be swollen and inflamed. Its deficiency causes sores, red tongue with intense pain. 

Pale skin

You may notice that your skin color changes into white or pale yellow due to its deficiency. And also, your eyes may get yellow color due to the lack of hemoglobin (RBC). The color may be due to the formation of bilirubin produced during the breakdown of red blood cells. 

Lethargy and weakness

A mitochondria organelle in the cell requires vitamin b12 to produce energy from carbohydrates. Its low level produces insufficient energy that does not meet the body’s requirement, and you may feel weakness. 

Fatigue and trouble in walking

It is also a critical component that assists your body in making new red blood cells. Its deficiency cuts down the formation of red blood cells; consequently, your body contains lower RBC levels. This condition is known as megaloblastic anemia. Your body does not absorb proper oxygen for breathing; you may feel symptoms like; fatigue, palpitations, difficulty breathing, and walking.

If you face any symptoms from those described above, immediately visit your doctor and ask for a vitamin b12 test.

There’s possibility that these symptoms may be due to other reasons not compulsory happen due to vitamin b12 deficiency.



Vitamin b12 is a crucial micronutrient for the human body to work properly. Its deficiency may reduce many biological mechanisms. The symptoms of its deficiency are; fatigue, lethargy, trouble in walking breathing, a swollen mouth, depression, cognitive problems, memory loss, etc. You can diminish these symptoms by getting proper treatment. 



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Tips to Choosing a Top-Class Wound Care Specialist

It’s essential to find the right wound care specialist. Not all of them are created equal, and not all of them will be able to provide you with the best treatment for your specific needs. The good news is that there are a few different ways to go about finding one in Dallas, TX, who is perfect for what you need. Book an appointment with Dr. Autumn Savage in Dallas. Here are some ideas on how to choose among qualified professionals.

Look at Their Experience

One of the best ways to find a great wound care specialist is to look at their experience. How long have they been practicing wound care? What sort of cases have they seen in the past? By looking at their resume, you can get a good idea of whether they will help you with your specific needs.

Check Out Their Credentials

Another thing that you’ll want to look at is their credentials. Do they have a degree in wound care? Are they board-certified? Answering these questions will help you know they are qualified to handle your specific situation. By checking out their credentials, you can get an idea of how qualified they are to treat your needs.

One of the best ways to determine whether or not a wound care specialist is right for you is to find out if they are board-certified. If they are board-certified, it means they have gone through additional training and testing to provide wound care services. Board-certified specialists will have the know-how to help you with your specific needs.

Ask for Referrals

If you don’t know where to start, ask your doctor for a referral to one of their top-notch wound care specialists. Most doctors will know who the best ones are in their area, so they’ll likely send you off to someone capable of helping you out with your specific needs.

Do Your Research

Last but not least, don’t forget about doing some research on your own. There are plenty of great resources available online, and you can also check out review sites to see what other people have had to say about a particular wound care specialist. By taking the time to do some research on your own, you can be sure that you’re making the best decision for your needs.

When it comes to finding the right wound care specialist, it’s essential to do your research. Some of them are better than others, and not all of them will be able to provide you with precisely what you need. 

Do They Accept Insurance?

Another thing to consider when looking at wound care specialists is whether or not they accept your insurance. Even though it can be more convenient to go with someone who doesn’t take insurance, it’s usually better to go with someone who does – even if that means that you end up paying more out-of-pocket.

Wound care specialists are healthcare professionals who specialize in treating wounds. They can help people recover from minor cuts and scrapes to severe, life-threatening injuries that require emergency surgery. Choosing the right wound care specialist for your needs is essential because not all of them will be able to provide you with what you need.

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What Are the Major Causes of Joint Pain?

We all want to live a pain-free life, but unfortunately, joint pain can happen for many reasons. Joints are vulnerable structures that need special care and attention. There are multiple ways people experience joint pain, including osteoarthritis and sciatica. If you have any of these conditions, it is advisable to consult your Hazlet, New Jersey, physician about treatment options available for your specific condition. These Hazlet joint pain specialists will guide what gives rise to joint pain. Here are some of the major causes.


Arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation of the joints. The leading cause is age, although it can also result from an injury, infection, or obesity. It can affect any joint in the body but most often occurs in your knees, hips, and hands. 

There are many types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis (where the cartilage breaks down), rheumatoid arthritis (where the body attacks its tissues), and inflammatory arthritis (the most common form, where joints become swollen and painful). 

Muscle pain is also a common feature of arthritis. The best ways to deal with this condition include reducing your stress levels, doing daily exercises, and massaging the muscles around the affected joint.

Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are common injuries that can occur in any part of the body. A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament, while a strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Sprains and strains are often caused by overuse, sudden movements (such as sports injuries), or falls. 

The best way to treat these injuries is to rest the affected area, apply ice and compression and elevate the limb. If there is any swelling, you can also take anti-inflammatory medication.

Cartilage Degeneration

Cartilage is the rubbery tissue covering your joints, allowing for smooth movement. However, cartilage does not have its blood supply and receives nutrients from surrounding tissues. Osteoarthritis often affects older people but can also be caused by obesity, an injury, or overuse of the joints – especially the knee. This condition causes inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Cartilage degeneration is not curable, but treatment may slow the condition’s progression.

Joint Infection

Infections of the joints are uncommon but can happen due to injury or surgery. Inflamed cartilage or a fracture of the bone can allow bacteria from another part of the body to infect the joint. It is crucial to have treatment as soon as possible, especially if redness and swelling with pain and warmth around the affected area.


Fractures occur when there is a break in the bone, causing pain and swelling around the area. This condition can be due to an injury or fall but can also result from osteoporosis. If you suspect that you have broken your elbow, for example, it is best to consult with your doctor about treatment options available.


Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons, which are elastic bands that attach muscles to bones. It can be due to overuse or an injury but may also occur without any cause. Symptoms include pain at rest, tenderness, and stiffness in the affected area.

Joint pain can happen for many reasons, and there are a variety of treatments available to help you manage the discomfort. Arthritis is one common cause of joint pain, with many different manifestations. For example, osteoarthritis causes inflammation in joints due to age, while rheumatoid arthritis affects tissue throughout your body. Always consult with your joint pain specialist for the proper treatment.

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Common Conditions That Affect Seniors

As we age, our bodies change, and our immunities drop. Most seniors will experience common medical conditions that can be prevented or treated with proper care. Some seniors may also have to deal with more serious ailments that require ongoing treatment for the rest of their lives. Don’t let this deter you from making your loved one as comfortable as possible. If you have an aging loved one, you need to get them to a senior care facility at least once every year. If they already have any chronic conditions, regular visits to Thomas Nguyen M.D., M.S., a senior care physician in the Boynton Beach area, can allow frequent monitoring. This article looks at some of the most common conditions that affect seniors.

  • Dementia

Dementia is a syndrome that affects the brain and causes a decline in mental abilities. Symptoms can include memory loss, impaired thinking and reasoning, and changes in mood or behavior. Dementia is progressive, which means it gets worse over time. There is no cure for dementia, but there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms.

  • Incontinence

Incontinence is the inability to control urination or bowel movements. It can be caused by several factors, including weak muscles, nerve damage, and medications. Incontinence can be embarrassing and frustrating for seniors, but treatments can help improve symptoms.

  • Arthritis

Arthritis is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the joints. It can affect people of all ages, but it is most common in seniors. It causes symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. There is no cure for arthritis, but there are treatments available that can help reduce symptoms.

  • Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It is a condition that affects the heart and blood vessels and can lead to several health problems, including heart attack and stroke. There is no cure for heart disease, but treatments can help reduce the risk of severe health problems.

  • Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become thin and weak. It is most common in seniors and can lead to fractures, pain, and disability. People with osteoporosis are also at a higher risk of suffering from osteoarthritis. There is no cure for osteoporosis, but treatments can help reduce disability and increase bone density.

  • Depression

Depression is a common mental health condition that affects people of all ages. Most seniors develop depression due to losing loved ones, decreased mobility, and financial problems. Symptoms can include changes in appetite or sleep patterns, fatigue, feelings of sadness or hopelessness, lack of enjoyment in everyday activities, irritability, anxiety, and difficulty concentrating. A physician can screen for depression and help you or your loved one get the treatment they need through senior care.

To summarize, our immunities drop as we age, which explains why seniors have to deal with many conditions, some appearing more frequently than others. Some of the most common conditions that affect seniors include depression, arthritis, osteoporosis, heart disease, dementia, and incontinence. If you have a senior among your family, senior care facilities can help prevent or address these problems.

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When Should You Get an Eye Exam?

An eye exam is the process of having the health of your eyes evaluated by a medical professional. It begins with measuring your visual acuity to determine how well you see at various distances, including reading an eye chart. An optometrist may take photographs of the inside of your eyes for further evaluation if needed. There are various reasons you might need an eye exam, but the most common one is getting a prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses. This article looks at some of the signs you need to get an eye exam in Jacksonville. Read on to learn more. 

  • You Have a Condition That Affects Your Eyes

If you have a condition that affects your eyes, such as diabetes, glaucoma, or cataracts, you should get an eye exam regularly. These conditions can cause vision loss if they are not treated appropriately. Your optometrist will be able to monitor your condition and prescribe the appropriate treatment. An excellent example of these conditions is diabetes. As many as 3 in 10 people with diabetes have diabetic eye disease. Diabetes can damage small blood vessels in the retina, increasing your chances of developing vision loss or blindness.

  • You Have Motion Sickness, Dizziness, or Trouble Following Moving Targets

If you have problems with motion sickness, dizziness, or trouble following moving targets, you should get an eye exam. These symptoms may indicate a vision problem that needs to be treated. People with motion sickness often have issues with their balance and coordination because their eyes do not match the information they receive from their other senses. This confusion can cause them to feel dizzy or sick.

  • You Wear Contacts

If you wear contacts, you should get an eye exam at least once a year. Contact lenses can increase your risk of developing eye problems, such as corneal ulcers and infections. These problems are much more common in people who wear contacts for extended periods each day. If you have worn contacts for at least ten years, you should get an eye exam every six months.

  • You Notice Changes In Your Vision

You should get an eye exam if you notice changes in your vision. Some of the most common changes include blurry, cloudy, double vision; frequent headaches; and trouble seeing at night. Other symptoms that may indicate a problem with your eyes include discomfort after reading for long periods, pain when looking at light sources, and inability to see well in one or both of your eyes. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is vital to get an eye exam as soon as possible, as they may be signs of a severe problem.

In summary, an eye exam is a process of having the health of your eyes evaluated by a medical professional. You may need an eye exam if you have diabetes or a condition that affects your eyes. People with motion sickness, dizziness, or trouble tracking moving targets should also get one. Additionally, you need to see a specialist for an eye exam if you wear contacts or notice changes in your vision.

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Keeping Your Family Heavenly Healthy

Your life is always full of joy when your entire family is healthy and at peace. Worrying about infections or diseases affecting you or your loved one can potentially cause sleepless nights and stress. For this reason, it would be wise of you to ensure that your family receives the best medical care and disease prevention services available. The medical service provider should also offer comprehensive services so that you are not forced to move from hospital to hospital looking for specialists for different conditions. Family Life Medical proves to be one of the best in that field. They offer people from Conroe tattoo removal services, school physicals, women wellness procedures, hypertension treatment, geriatric care, and wellness exams, among many other medical care services. Let’s look at some of these services from a closer angle.

Well-women Exam

These exams are specific to women and are sometimes complex. They deserve a completely different kind of care. A well-women exam is a special procedure that specifically evaluates the overall health condition of women. The specialists at Family Life medical conducts this procedure through breast and pelvic examination. The process involves evaluating the current physical condition, previous medical history, sexually transmitted disease testing, cancer tests, and education on your overall health. The doctors recommend that you take your well-women exam annually, although it might require more frequent visits if you have any types of complications.


Hypertension is a severe condition where your blood pressure reading exceeds 120/80mmHg. The condition is commonly evident in people with risk factors like obesity, poor diet, alcoholism, sedentary lifestyles, and a family history of the same illness. The early stages of the illness have no apparent symptoms, but once the condition has developed, you are at the risk of stroke, heart failure, and, worst-case scenario, death. Lifestyle changes are the main recommendations to put hypertension under control, but in worse cases, the doctor may have you under prescribed medication.

Geriatric care

As people get older, their health risk factors increase and demand special treatment. Some conditions like diabetes, respiratory illnesses, arthritis, and heart disease become a concern with seniors. Therefore, you should take your seniors for regular geriatric check-ups to increase their chances of living longer and healthier. During geriatric check-ups, the doctor assesses the blood pressure, electrolyte and glucose levels, thyroid function, and heart function, among other risk areas. Specialists then address any underlying condition and advise on beneficial lifestyle practices. It is advisable to have your senior visit the doctor every year for a geriatric check-up.

A happy and healthy family brings you a piece of heaven. Do not risk your health by going to unskilled doctors and physicians who will have your family developing complications. Book an appointment or visit Family Life Medical. 

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Why You Should Get Specialty Contact Lenses

If you have a vision impairment, contact lenses can be a great way to improve your vision. But not all contact lenses are created equal. Various types of contact lenses are available on the market, each designed for a specific purpose. Suppose you’re looking for the best possible vision correction. In that case, you may want to visit Dr. Melanie Frogozo and check out specialty contact lenses, which are a type of contact lenses that specifically treat certain conditions.

The following are reasons why you should consider specialty contact lenses:

They Can Improve Your Vision

Specialty contact lenses can give you better vision than glasses or regular contacts. For example, if you’ve been using glasses to improve your vision for a long time and want something more effective, specialty contacts will provide a superior quality correction. Wearing specialty lenses means you’ll be able to enjoy better vision without worrying about your prescription.

They’re Designed For Special Purposes

You can treat many eye conditions with specialty contacts, such as astigmatism and near-sightedness. You can get specialized contact lenses to treat these conditions or other eye problems. Your optometrist may also recommend them if you have a dry eye condition.

They’re More Comfortable

Most people find specialty contact lenses more comfortable to wear than other contacts because they are designed specifically for your eyes and take their unique shape and dimensions into account. If you’ve been struggling with uncomfortable contacts, it may be worth considering specialty lenses as an alternative.

They Are Made from High-Quality Materials

Specialty contact lenses are made from the highest quality materials to ensure safety and effectiveness, which means you can trust them to provide superior vision correction and comfort. Specialty contact lenses are made from various materials, including silicone hydrogel and polymacon. These materials are specifically designed for use in the human eye.

They Are Easy To Maintain

Regular contacts require special care and hygiene, which is why many people neglect them or wear them less frequently than they should. Specialty contact lenses don’t need much care because they’re disposable and made with materials that won’t harm your eyes. You can toss them in the trash when you’re done with them, without having to worry about cleaning and storing them.

They Offer A Custom Fit for Each Patient

People come in all shapes and sizes with different eye characteristics, making it difficult to fit them into one standard contact lens. Specialty contact lenses are designed for each patient, considering these unique factors meaning they will provide a better fit than traditional contacts and other vision aids, which should mean more comfort and better vision. Custom specialty contact lenses can provide you with better vision and a comfortable fit.

As you can see, specialty contact lenses are a good choice if you’re looking for superior vision correction. It would be best to learn more about the different types of specialty contact lenses available and which type might be best for your eyes. An optometrist can help recommend the right contacts for you and ensure you get the maximum benefit from them. Specialty contact lenses may be the answer if you’re looking for a better vision solution than glasses or regular contacts. Talk to your optometrist today to see if they offer this type of lens and whether it is right for you.

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4 Key Reasons for Finding an Orthodontist

It’s one of those things you know is important but never really think about until it’s too late. Your teeth and mouth are a vital part of your body just like any other and deserve the same care and attention as anything else. A visit to an orthodontist in Flushing, NY can help keep your mouth healthy and ensure that you have a beautiful smile, not to mention save you from years of dental work in the future. Book an appointment with Dr. Yon Lai in Flushing.

  • Invisalign Procedure

If you are looking for a straighter smile, Invisalign braces may be the right choice for you. Invisalign is a precise braces treatment that uses a series of clear aligners to straighten teeth gently. Unlike traditional braces, Invisalign aligners are removable, making them perfect for people who want straighter teeth but don’t want to draw attention to their braces.

Invisalign is a popular tooth straightening option because it offers the same results as traditional braces without being visible. Invisalign can improve your smile and help you achieve straighter teeth, but only if they are worn as directed by an orthodontist. Invisalign is not a cure-all for all orthodontic problems and should not be used to replace traditional braces in every situation.

  • Dental Braces

Dental braces are an orthodontic treatment that uses metal brackets and wires to straighten teeth. Braces are the most common type of orthodontic treatment, and they can correct a wide variety of dental problems, including crooked teeth, overbites, and underbites.

Braces work by slowly moving teeth into the correct position. This process can take anywhere from 6 to 18 months, depending on the severity of the dental problem. Braces consist of metal and plastic, which can be seen when you smile. While braces may not be the most aesthetically pleasing option, they are one of the most effective ways to straighten teeth.

  • Teeth Retainers

If you have had braces or wear a retainer at night, then the chances are that you understand the importance of wearing your retainers. Retainers are worn after teeth straightening treatments to keep teeth in their new position. After wearing braces for years, teeth can shift back into their original positions. As a result, many people require retainers to keep their teeth in place.

While retainers are not as aesthetically pleasing as dental braces, they are necessary for orthodontic treatment. If you have had braces or wear a retainer, it is vital to wear your retainers as directed by your orthodontist.

  • Jaw Surgery

Jaw surgery is an orthodontic treatment used to treat the patient’s dentition. It becomes necessary when traditional braces or retainers are not effective. The surgery usually involves the removal of a portion of the palate bone, which helps bring teeth into position. 

One must note that there are risks associated with jaw surgery, including infection and bleeding. Moreover, one must communicate with their orthodontist about risks and benefits before deciding on this type of treatment.

The mouth and teeth are a vital part of your body, so it is essential to take care of them. The orthodontist can help you keep your smile healthy with treatments such as Invisalign or dental braces that straighten your teeth. Retainers might be necessary after any treatment if the patient’s teeth shift back into their original position.

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