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Conditions That Need Gastrointestinal Surgery

Gastrointestinal surgery is one of the most common procedures for humans. Many gastrointestinal surgeries are performed on different digestive tract areas, including the lips, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, rectum, and anus. Digestive system disorders that can be corrected by gastrointestinal surgery include cancer, blockage or obstruction of the intestine, gallstones, and ulcers. Anesthesia is typically used during gastrointestinal surgeries. If you have a condition that requires gastrointestinal surgery, you need to ensure that you get it done by a doctor specializing in gastrointestinal surgery in Sebring. Here are some conditions you can get relief from with gastrointestinal surgery.

Stomach Ulcers

Stomach ulcers are the most common reason for gastrointestinal surgery. These ulcers can occur anywhere in the stomach, but they are most commonly found at the junction of the stomach and small intestine (duodenum) or the pyloric sphincter. A doctor may use an endoscope to find out whether there is any damage to the stomach lining. Other tests include a breath test, x-rays, electrocardiogram, and blood tests. The doctor will recommend the proper treatment depending on the severity of the ulcer.

Stomach Cancer

Cancers of the stomach are classified as adenocarcinomas, lymphomas, and sarcomas. They originate from the cells that secrete hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes. The early stages of these cancers do not have any symptoms. If a doctor suspects cancer, they will recommend tests such as computed tomography (CT), barium swallow, ultrasound, and endoscopy. If cancer is detected, the doctor will suggest surgery to remove part or all of the stomach.

Hernias

Hernias are caused by the protrusion of contents from a weak spot in the abdomen wall. These bulges can occur anywhere, but they’re most common in areas where ligaments and tissues supporting internal organs (such as bowels and blood vessels) weaken. Surgery is required to repair the hernia and prevent a recurrence.

GI Cancers

A doctor will recommend surgery to treat GI cancers depending on the location, severity of symptoms, and type. The abdominal cavity is opened up during the surgery. If cancer has spread to other parts of the body, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be required after the surgery.

Polyps

Polyps are non-cancerous growths that grow on the lining of the intestines. They are rounded and bumpy and can get infected or turn cancerous if not removed during surgery. The doctor may recommend a biopsy to determine the cause of polyps. Some polyps require removal, while others do not need any treatment.

GI Tract Blockages

A blockage in the intestines can cause serious problems, which is why it’s crucial to get treated right away. A doctor will recommend a treatment plan depending on the type and severity of the blockage. For example, if a patient has swallowed something blocking the intestines, they may need an endoscopy for foreign objects or surgery to remove intestinal obstructions.

In summary, gastrointestinal surgery is a surgery that targets the gastrointestinal system. It can help treat various conditions, including stomach ulcers, stomach cancer, polyps, and other GI cancers. It can also help patients with hernias or blockages in the digestive system. If you need gastrointestinal surgery, make sure you have it done by a specialist to avoid complications.

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